How to interpret the ECG

Interpreting the ECG consists of a number of parameters important for an informed clinical decision. Let us take a look at the most vital aspects of ECG interpretation – from distances on the ECG paper to the intricacies of waves, waveforms, segments, and intervals. We will also discuss how to interpret duration and the data on […]

What is pulse wave velocity and why is it important in clinical practice? 

Arterial pulse wave velocity (PWV) is the speed at which the pulse wave travels through the arterial system. It is recognised as the gold standard for evaluating the stiffness of the arteries in clinical practice. This is essential because arterial stiffness is regarded as an important independent predictor of cardiovascular disease. [1] In this article, we will take […]

Why should healthcare professionals measure blood pressure on both arms?

Cardiovascular diseases remain the number one cause of mortality in the world. [1] To prevent these conditions, regular blood pressure measurement is recommended for all adults. According to ESC/ESH guidelines, blood pressure asymmetry should be detected by measuring blood pressure in both arms. [2] Interarm blood pressure difference may reflect severe arterial disease; according to ESC/ESH recommendations, a […]

Podiatric wound assessment in less time

Treating lower-extremity wounds not only entails preventing infections and mitigating any patient pain or discomfort, but also the management of the underlying pathophysiology that caused them. That can be a challenge because patients may have comorbid conditions, which can be the cause of (especially chronic) wounds, hinder wound treatment, or both. An example of the […]

How to successfully perform an ECG

The ECG plays a crucial role in diagnosing various cardiac conditions. It is a non-invasive test that records the electrical activity of the heart, providing insights into its health and functioning. If you are a medical professional seeking to refresh your knowledge, this blog offers a variety of topics, from general information to frequently diagnosed […]

The 6-minute walk test (6MWT): an Overview

This blog provides detailed information on a simple but increasingly important test in medical diagnostics: the 6-minute walk test. It discusses when and why we perform it, its contraindications, how it is conducted, the factors affecting its variability, and its clinical implications. You can also watch the content as a video lecture.    What is the […]

Frequently diagnosed conditions on the ECG

Welcome to the guide on the most commonly conditions diagnosed by means of the ECG. We will examine a range of cardiac conditions, looking into their causes and symptoms and providing illustrations of how they can manifest on the ECG. Pacemaker detection is also discussed.   Please note that the conditions below are presented in simplified […]

Peripheral Arterial Disease: A Guide For GPs

Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is a perilous condition silently affecting millions worldwide. [1] This blog is designed as a short guide for general practitioners and other medical professionals. It contains global and some local statistics of PAD prevalence, presents PAD risk groups, and discusses the compounding effect of smoking and multiple risk factors. It also features basic […]

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